Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks In Bihar

Valmiki National Park

Valmikinagar is located nearly 100 kms from Bettiah in the northernmost part of the West Champaran district, bordering Nepal. It is a small town with scattered inhabitation, mostly within the forest area and a railroad station in the district of West Champaran close to the railhead of Narkatiyaganj. The overall climate of Valmikinagar is pleasant. It lies on longitude: 83°- 0' East to 84°- 41’ East and latitude: 27°- 3’ North to 27°- 10’ North. Its Altitude is about 125m to 88m above Mean Sea Level (M.S.L.). The summer is from March to June, while the Rainy season is July to September. The pleasant winter months are November to February. The temperature in Valmikinagar is Minimum 8° C and Maximum 36° C. The rainfall is about 1461.2 mm to 2053.3 mm. After covering 30 kms from Bagaha one enters Valmiki Tiger reserves forest at Rampur, and confronts the tack, which is broken and undulating, often showing highly fragile geological formations. As a result there are step ravines, knife-edge ridges and precipitous walls formed by landslips and sol-erosion. The road nearly 30 kms runs through the forest leading to Gandak barrage.

Bhimbandh Sanctuary

Bhimbandh Wild Life Sanctuary is located in the south west of Munger District. The forests cover an area or 681.99 sq.km on the hills and undulating tract of Kharagpur Hills. It is situated at a distance of 56 km from Munger, 20 km from Jamui Railway Station and 200 km from Patna Airport. This forest are located in the famous Kharagpur hill range, south of river Ganga and is surrounded on all sides by non-forestry areas inhabited by dense population. The vegetation of these forests is very rich where Sal, Kend, Semal and other trees grow side by side the hilly terrain, protecting from the suns rays the forms and humble creepers which grow below. A host of animals such as Tiger, Leopards, Sloth Bear, Nilgai, Sambhar, Barking deer, Wild Beer, four horned Antelope use to abide by in these forests. In the valley portions and at the foothills are several hot springs of which the finest are at Bhimbandh, Sita Kund and Rishi Kund. All the hot springs maintain nearly same temperature round the year, and seasonal fluctuation of discharge is also nominal. Among them the Bhimbandh group of springs have the maximum temperature (52° C to 65° C) and discharge (0.84-1.12 cum/sec) and constitute the best area for the exploration of geothermal energy potential.

Rajgir Sanctuary

The Rajgir Sanctuary is located at 2 km from Rajgir Railway Station and 105 km from Patna Airport. The Sanctuary is stretched in an area of 35.84 sq.km. The Sanctuary area is full of small hills an undulating land. There are number of hot water springs in the area. Sulphur content in hot water is quite high. Among the wildlife found in the Sanctuary the notable ones are Leopard, Hyena, Barking Deer, and Nilgai etc. The birds, which have been identified, are peafowl, jungle fowl, partridge, black and grey quails, hornbill, parrot, dove, myna etc. Wild bear is very common to this area.

Kaimur Sanctuary

The Kaimur Wild Life Sanctuary is located in the District of Kaimur under DFO Shahabad Division. Area of the sanctuary is 1342 sq.km, which is mainly confined to hills and undulating ground. Black bucks, Nilgai, Chinkara, Tiger, Leopard, Hyena, Wild boar, sloth bear etc are the common species found in these forests. The Sanctuary is well connected by rail and road. Nearest railway stations are Sasaram, Dehri-on-Son, and Bhabhua. Other important tourist places in the adjacent area are Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram Dhuan Kund (a natural water fall), Karkat Gadh etc.